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被動語態誤用辨析-2019年高起點英語復習資料-山東成教

山東成人高考網www.blogsbazaar.com 發布時間: 2018年12月06日

被動語態誤用辨析-2019年高起點英語復習資料-山東成教


1、中文:英語難學。

  (誤)English is difficult to be learned.

  (正)English is difficult to learn.(英語難學=學英語難,也可說It's difficult to learn English.原句的主語實際上是不定式的邏輯賓語,不定式要用主動形式。)


2、中文:他被所有學生嘲笑。

  (誤)He was laughed by all the pupils.

  (正)He was laughed at by all the pupils.(不及物動詞+介詞=及物動詞,變被動語態時介詞不能省略。)


3、中文:據說他很富有。

  (誤)They say him to have been rich.

  (正)He is said to have been rich.(say后不可接不定式,但它的被動語態后可接不定式。)


4、中文:湯姆問我這些島嶼是否屬于美國。

  (誤)Tom asked me if these islands are belonged to America.

  (正)Tom asked me if these islands belonged to America.


5、中文:他試圖不介入政治。

  (誤)He tried not to have mixed up in politics.

  (正)He tried not to get mixed up in politics.(get作系動詞,可代替be,后接過去分詞表示被動,have無此功能。)


6、中文:中國發生了很大變化。

  (誤)Great changes have been taken place in China.

  (正)Great changes have taken place in China.


7、中文:戰爭于一九三七年爆發。

  (誤)The war was broken out in 1937.

  (正)The war broke out in 1937.(take place,break out,happen,belong to等不及物動詞或短語動詞沒有被動語態形式。)


8、中文:我看不清黑板。也許你需要檢查你的眼睛。

  (誤)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to examine your eyes.

  (正)I can't see the blackboard very well.Perhaps you need to have your eyes examined.(表示使某物被別人…,通常使用have或get+物+過去分詞表示。)


9、中文:他們結婚兩年了。

  (誤)They have married for two years.

  (正)They have been married for two years.(表示已婚狀態的持續,要用完成時的被動式。)


10、中文:他命令馬上開始工作。

  (誤)He ordered the work to start at once.

  (正)He ordered the work to be started at once.(不定式作賓語補語時,若與賓語是被動關系,要用不定式的被動形式。)


11、中文:那人被認為是個傻子。

  (誤)The man thought to be a fool.

  (正)The man was thought to be a fool.(主語是動作的承受者而不是發出者,用被動語態。)


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